Nunavut Land Claims Agreement II

Program: Inuit studies 0902X
Term: Winter
Course code: SSC0092

The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA) signed in 1993 was a watershed event in the Inuit struggle to regain control of their lives and their lands. The agreement was the result of almost 20 years of negotiations between the Inuit of the Eastern Arctic (now Nunavut) and the Government of Canada.

The NLCA is now included in the Constitution of Canada as law. The implementation of this agreement is one of the central political issues in Nunavut today. This course is a continuation of studies begun in Nunavut Land Claims I. Students become familiar with the provisions of the agreement that deal with economic and social rights, land selection, extinguishment, and the creation of Nunavut, as well as the history and rationale behind their negotiation.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of this course, students will be able to:

  • Describe the overall structure of the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (NLCA).
  • Summarize the articles of the NLCA that deal with economic benefits to Inuit.
  • Discuss the articles of the NLCA that deal with social provisions.
  • Outline the articles of the NLCA that deal with land selection.
  • Recognize the articles in the NLCA that deal with extinguishment of aboriginal title and the creation of Nunavut.
Learning Activities
  • lectures by instructors
  • guest presentations by land claim officials
  • group discussions
  • videos
  • individual reading and research
  • group collaborative projects

Samples of learning activities include:

  • note-taking
  • brainstorming and categorizing questions
  • research, using a variety of information sources
  • group sessions interpreting and summarizing the legal language of the land claim
  • written assignment questions focusing on the details of each of the main land claim sub-agreements and their implementation
  • class debate to vote for or against the NLCA